Occupied America : a history of Chicanos / Rodolfo F. Acuña, Emeritus, California State University at Northridge.

  • 8th ed.
  • Boston : Pearson [2015]
Physical description
xviii, 445 pages ; 23 cm.
  • 9780205880843
  • Includes bibliographical references and index.
  • Not just pyramids, explorers, and heroes. The cradles of civilizations: The corn people: an overview ; The Olmeca 1500 BC - 500 BC -- The Maya: Maya hieroglyphic writing ; Maya society ; The decline of Mayan civilization -- Teotihuacan: Urbanism and trade ; The Tolteca -- Other corn civilizations: The Tarasco ; The Azteca ; Los Nortenos -- Conclusion: The world system in 1519 -- The core zones -- The semi-peripheral zones -- The Mesoamerican periphery. The occupation of Middle America. What drove the conquest: Africa begins at the Pyrenees -- The Spanish conquest: Faith versus rationality ; The Spanish invasion of the Mexica ; The colonization of native Mesoamerica ; Smallpox and other plagues ; The conquest of race and labor in Mesoamerica -- Women in colonial Mesoamerica: The changing roles of women ; The assimilation of native women -- Al Norte: God, gold, glory, silver, and slaves: The decimation of the indigenous population -- The changing order: The Bonanzas ; Forced labor -- The norther corridor: The decline of the native population -- The colonization of Texas: El Paso del Norte ; The Tlaxcalan and the Castas ; The importance of San Antonio and links to the Rio Bravo -- The occupation of Alta California: paradise lost: Los Indios ; The missions: myth and reality -- Conclusion: on the even of the Mexican war of independence.
  • Legacy of hate: the conquest of Mexico's northwest. Who started the war? -- Mexican independence from Spain -- Background to the invasion of Texas: Broken promises ; Follow the money: the land companies and trade ; Wanna-be Sam Adamses ; The point of no return -- The invasion of Texas: The pretext: myths of the Alamo ; The defense of the Mexican homeland ; Mexicans win the battles but lose the war -- The invasion of Mexico: The manufactured war ; An unwarranted aggression -- The pretext for conquest: Religions justifications for war ; History as propaganda ; Peacemakers expose the violence of war ; The San Patricio battalion ; The war crimes ; Mexicanas on the front lines ; The prosecution of the war -- The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: The controversy ; The deception ; The honorable man -- Conclusion: the border crossed us: in the entrails of the monster. The border crossed us. Remember the Alamo: the colonization of Texas. The years between 1836 and 1845: Crossing the northwest Texas-Mexican border ; The Mexican corridor ; Control of the corridor ; Trade wars and the rise of Juan Cortina ; Enter "Cheno" Cortina ; The civil war -- The transformation: Hang 'em high! ; The historian as an agent of social control ; Controlling Mexicans ; Politics of race and gender -- Resistance: The people's revolt ; The ballad of Gregorio Cortez -- Boss rule: The railroad and the advent of industrial capitalism -- Mexico comes to Texas: Reform politics and Mexicans ; The growth of the Mexican population ; The growth of racist nativism ; Mexican resistance -- Conclusion: the return of the Mexicano.
  • Freedom in a cage: the colonization of New Mexico. On the frontier: The Sante Fe trail: the Trojan horse ; Anti-American sentiment -- The Euro-American invasion: The Taos revolt: the myth of the bloodless conquest ; Inventing whiteness -- The transition: The illusion of inclusion ; Gringos and los Ricos ; How was it done? ; The Sante Fe ring and the land grab ; The Lincoln county war -- Socialization: The Americanization of the Catholic church -- The New Mexican diaspora: "El agua es la vida" ; The marketplace ; New Mexico in Colorado -- The resistance: Barbed wire, irrigation, and the railroad ; The village people defend their land ; More illusions of inclusion -- The end of the frontier: The growth of industrial mining ; Changes in society ; Federal encroachment -- Conclusion: the decline of a way of life. Sonora invaded: the occupation of Arizona. The frontier: The Gadsden purchase ; The war with Sonora ; Filibustering expeditions into Sonora -- Mexicans in early Arizona: The war of the races -- The race question: Marrying up! ; The alliance of the elites ; The war on the Apache ; The fate of the "friendly Indian" ; The land-grant grab -- The transformation of Arizona: From adobe to copper ; Border conflicts -- The pull factors -- The industrialization of Arizona: The importance of mining ; The expansion of capital ; The 1890s: the de-skilling of mine work ; The impact of industrialization on Mexicans ; Mutual-aid societies ; The Mexican middle class ; Small favors to women ; The emergence of trade unions -- It's the water -- Conclusion: the industrialization of Arizona.
  • California lost: image and reality. The myth that has become legend: Mexican period ; The class gap ; Women in the transformation of California -- The bear flag: John C. Fremont and the bear flag ; U. S. invasion of California ; Gold transforms California ; The gold rush creates a template ; Complicity of the Californios ; Legalized theft: the foreign miners' tax -- Decline of the Californios: The locusts ; Taxation without representation ; Marrying white ; Legalizing racism ; Legitimization of violence ; The Mexican prostitute ; The American delusion, the Lugos trial -- The disillusionment: El clamor publico ; Class divisions -- Social banditry: I am Joaquin! ; The social bandit -- Mexicans in a changing society: Becoming a minority ; The church's role ; Labor ; The exclusion of the other ; Colonias -- Conclusion: the decline and return of the Mexican. Empire. Immigration, labor, and generational change. Overview: Ideas cross borders ; Justice knows no borders ; Industrial bonanzas ; Workers find their voice ; The nurturing of ideas ; "Mexicans are not fit to raise white babies" ; The Mexican diaspora ; Early Mexican American struggles to control the workplace ; Forging a community ; The Mexican revolution ; Bullets across the border ; Hysteria across the border ; In defense of the community ; A changing society ; Mexican workers under siege ; The "Amazon" protest: story of Carmelita Torres ; The hysteria: the plan of San Diego -- World War I: the shift: Shifts in political consciousness ; Mexican responses to industrial transformation ; The failure of the American brotherhood -- The westward movement of king cotton -- Conclusion: Mexicans in the city, the backlash.
  • The 1920s: the effects of World War I. Americanization: a study of extremes: Protestant churches and Americanization of the Mexican ; Catholic churches react to Americanization ; Nationalism versus Americanization ; Mexicans and Mexican Americans -- The influence of World War I on becoming Mexican American: The league of United Nations Latin American citizens -- The move to the cities: San Antonio's west side ; Los Angeles: "where only the weeds grow" ; Mexicans in the midwest and points east -- Mexican labor in the 1920: Importance of the sugar beet industry ; Mexicans in the northwest ; Mexican workers in Texas ; Mexican workers in the midwest ; The growth of California agriculture -- The formation of Mexican unions -- Greasers go home: Keeping American blond and white -- Conclusion: moving to the city. Mexican American communities in the making: the depression years. The great depression: la crisis: Stresses and strains during la crisis -- Life during the great depression: The importance of being San Antonio -- Nativist deportations of the 1930s: Repatriation Texas-style ; The fare of the deportee in Mexico -- Factories in the fields: Texas farms ; Renting Mexicans -- The farmworkers' revolt: The El Monte strike ; The Tagus ranch ; The San Joaquin Valley cotton strike ; The Imperial valley ; CUCOM and Mexican strikes ; The congress of industrial organizations ; Rural workers in the lone star state ; Colorado and the manitos -- The city: Mexican women garment workers in Los Angeles ; San Antonio Mexicana workers ; La pasionaria, the pecan shellers' strike, and San Antonio ; Unionization in Los Angeles ; Labor in the midwest: Chicago -- The Mexican American miners' revolt -- The Mexican-origin community: The Los Angeles community ; The Mexican American movement ; El congreso de los pueblos de habla Espanol ; Fighting segregation ; The manitos ; Move to the windy city: Chicago -- Conclusion: the survivors.
  • World War II: the betrayal of promises. Mexican Americans: World War II and the Mexican ; The case of Guy Gabaldon ; The story of Company E: the all-Mexican unit ; Racism at home and abroad ; Chicanas in the military ; A profile of courage ; Finding scapegoats ; The sleepy lagoon trial ; Munity in the streets of Los Angeles ; Mexicanas break barriers ; Rosita the riveter ; The federal fair employment practices commission ; Cold war politics of control ; The communists are coming -- Postwar opportunities: Toward a civil rights agenda ; The American G. I. forum ; Controlling Mexicans ; The return of farm labor militancy ; Renting Mexicans -- Conclusion: the sleeping giant snores. "Happy days": Chicano communities under siege. Mexican Americans -- The cold war: The Korean war: historical America ; Keeping American American ; Militarization of the immigration and naturalization service -- The diaspora: an American odyssey: The cities -- Seduced by the game: New Mexico: the illusion of it all ; Los Angeles politics ; San Antonio ; El Paso -- Civil rights: The "salt of the earth" ; Toward equality ; California ; National Spanish-speaking council -- The struggle to preserve the barrios: The FHA mortgage guarantee and the G. I. bill ; Urban renewal: the day of the bulldozer ; The dodgers and the Chavez ravine ; Gentrifications in the midwest -- Conclusion: toward the illusion of civil rights.
  • Goodbye America: the Chicana/o in the 1960s. The early 1960s: Proving your poverty ; Harvest of shame: the forgotten people -- Delusions of the awakening of the sleeping giant: San Antonio and Texas politics ; Los Angeles politics ; Political organizing in Chicago -- The building of a civil rights coalition: Viva Johnson ; Building the great society ; The Albuquerque, New Mexico, walkout -- Bilingual education: The black-white syndrome -- The disillusion: Impact of the war on poverty -- Magnetization of the border: The immigration act of 1965 ; Mexican American reaction to nativism ; The road to Delano ; La Casita farms corporation strike of 1966 and the aftershocks ; The road to brown power ; The making of a movement ; The formation of core groups ; The east LA walkouts ; Chicana/o student militancy spreads ; The brown berets and white angst ; Tlatelolco, Mexico ; "Wild tribes of ... the inner mountains of Mexico" ; Gringos and Tejanos ; The land struggle ; The crusade for justice ; El grito del norte ; Other movement voices -- The Chicano youth movement gains steam: Where is God? ; Violence at home ; Chicanas/os under siege -- The provocateurs -- Conclusion: the Chicana/o legacy. The 1970s and 1908s: redefining the 1960s. Redefining racism: Government legitimizes racism -- The politics of cynicism: Nixon's Hispanic strategy: Dismantling the war on poverty -- Chicano power: La Raza Unida party ; Failure to build a national third party ; The last days of La Raza Unida -- Inequality from within: Chicana voices ; Inevitable factions ; The birth of Chicano studies ; Sterilization: saving taxpayers' money -- The road to Delano: The Farah strike: the breaking of labor -- Sin fronteras: Nativism in racism ; Centro de accion social autonoma-Hermandad general de trabajadores ; Get the Mexican bandits: criminalization of Mexicans ; The media perpetuates racist nativism ; Getting away with terrorism ; In defense of the foreign born -- The growth of the Chicano middle class: Chicanas/os as commodities ; Redefinition of the political middle ; Political gains -- Education: the stairway to the American dream: Educational equity ; The continuing importance of the EOPs ; Competing ideologies ; The "pochoization" of the political vocabulary ; The myth of a color-blind society ; Legacy admits -- Why progressive organizations fail: Violence as an instrument of control -- Conclusion: the final year of the decade.
  • Becoming a national minority: 1980 - 2001. The decade of the Hispanic -- Immigration in the 1980s: The Central American wave ; The Mexican wave -- Reaction to the little brown brothers and sisters -- The militarization of the border -- Mexican American labor -- The movement of inclusion: the politicos -- The glass ceiling: Immigrant women workers ; Gobernar es poblar? -- The North American Free Trade Agreement -- "Don't mourn, organize!": The political refugees from Central America ; Forging communities ; Believers: Chicana/o studies ; The renaissance in Chicana/Chicano thought and arts ; Hate is tax deductible -- The national scene: census 2000: Political roundup: 2000 ; Some things never change: police brutality -- Conclusion: the problem of becoming the nation's largest minority. Losing fear: decade of struggle and home. When numbers count -- How else can you teach them a lesson? -- Mexican Americans and 9/11 -- The stairway to heaven: electoral politics -- Protection of the foreign born: The firewall? -- Losing fear -- Conclusion: toward an ideology. Epilogue: The Chicana/o legacy. Who are Latinos? where do they live? -- The ramifications of growth and spreading nationality -- Quo vadis? what will the future bring? -- Saving Humpty Dumpty.
  • Bibliography
  • text
  • English

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University of Dundee: Main Library 973.046 872 A 189
University of Edinburgh Libraries: Main Library (STANDARD LOAN) - 2nd floor E184.M5 Acu.
King's College London Library: Maughan Library, Chancery Lane : [Humanities books] E184.M5 ACU One week
University of Liverpool Library: Sydney Jones Library E184.M5.A18.8 0
University of Liverpool Library: Sydney Jones Library E184.M5.A18.8 1
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