Living at micro scale : the unexpected physics of being small / David B. Dusenbery.

Published
  • Cambridge, Mass. ; London : Harvard University Press c2009
Physical description
xxx, 416 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
  • 9780674031166
  • 0674031164
Notes
  • Includes bibliographical references and index.
Genre
  • Bibliography
  • Illustrated
Language
  • English

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Living at micro scale : the unexpected physics of being small / David B. Dusenbery.

Author
Published
  • Cambridge, Massachusetts ; London, England : Harvard University Press [2009]
Physical description
1 online resource (449 pages)
ISBN
  • 0-674-26167-4
Notes
  • Description based on print version record.
Contents
  • Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- List of Figures -- List of Tables and Boxes -- Preface -- List of Symbols and Abbreviations -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- Origins -- Size Matters -- Universal Assumptions -- Part I. Background -- Chapter 2. Microscopy -- Invention -- Observation -- Bacteria -- Chapter 3. Fluids -- Some History -- Viscosity -- Basic Theory -- The Reynolds Number -- Creeping Flow -- Slow-Moving Spheres -- Chapter 4. Molecules -- The Atomic View of Matter -- Gas Laws -- Chance Breakthroughs -- The Kinetic Theory -- Avogadro's Number -- Diffusion -- Osmotic Pressure -- Perspective -- Chapter 5. Brownian Motion -- Observations -- Theory -- Experimental Tests -- Random Walks -- Perspective -- Chapter 6. Ellipsoids -- Plots of Ellipsoidal Shape Parameters -- Calculations -- Translation -- Rotation -- Chapter 7. Information -- Shannon's Concepts -- Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- Noise Is Ubiquitous -- What Is Information? -- Perspective -- Chapter 8. Energy -- Energy Flows -- Power Density -- Speed of Swimming -- Part II. Physical Consequences -- Chapter 9. Chemical Transport -- Flow -- Diffusion Faster Than Flow at Small Scale -- Diffusion Faster in Gas Than Liquid -- Diffusion from Sources -- Diffusion to Sinks -- Nutrients and Waste -- Chapter 10. Signal Detection -- Time and Size Are Important -- Orientation Information -- Part III. Consequences for Locomotion -- Chapter 11. Dispersal -- The Importance of Dispersal -- Dispersal by Diffusion -- Effect of Shape on Brownian Motion -- Dispersal by Random Swimming -- Dispersal by Collimated Swimming -- Chapter 12. Sedimentation -- Speed -- Orientation -- Asymmetric Density -- Consequences -- Chapter 13. Swimming -- Resistance to Movement -- Propulsion -- Helical Swimming Paths -- Useful Distance to Move -- IV. Consequences for Orientation to Stimulus Gradients.
  • Chapter 14. Gradient Guiding -- Environmental Gradients -- Determination of Direction -- Response -- Chapter 15. Size Limit for Locomotion -- Minimum Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- Comparisons -- Overview -- Chapter 16. Optimal Shapes -- Nutrient Uptake -- Locomotion -- Orientation -- Comparison -- Part V. Consequences for Interactions between Organisms -- Chapter 17. Encounter Rates -- Collision Theory -- Search Theory -- Encounter Rates in Three Dimensions -- Encounter Distances -- Overview -- Chapter 18. Predation -- Modifying Factors -- Community Structure -- Waste -- Chapter 19. Pheromone Attraction -- Chapter 20. Gametes -- The Problem -- The Gamete Model -- Gamete Encounter Rates -- Pheromone Use -- Male and Female -- Summary -- Appendix 1. Approximation Rules -- Appendix 2. Calculus -- Derivatives -- Integrals -- Appendix 3. Acceleration of Plates -- Appendix 4. Justifications -- Criterion of Incompressible Flow -- Reynolds Number of Brownian Motion -- Appendix 5. Sedimentation Equilibrium -- Appendix 6. Ellipsoid Mathematics -- Description -- Surface Area -- Hydrodynamic Calculations -- Translation -- Rotation -- Appendix 7. Bending Beams -- Appendix 8. Chemical Potential Energy -- Water -- Ions -- Appendix 9. Calculation of the Signal-to-Noise Ratio -- S/N for Chemical Gradient -- S/N for Light -- Appendix 10. Calculating Flow Velocities -- Flow around Point Sources and Sinks -- Flow around a Solid Sphere -- Flow around a Gas Bubble -- Appendix 11. High Reynolds Numbers: Navier-Stokes Equations -- Continuity -- Momentum -- Viscosity -- Appendix 12. Drag -- Notes -- References -- Index.
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Genre
  • Electronic books.
  • text
Language
  • English

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