Environmental physiology of animals / Pat Willmer, Graham Stone, Ian Johnston.
- Willmer, Pat 1953-
- Oxford ; Malden, MA : Blackwell Science 2000
- Includes bibliographical references (p. 604-609) and index.
- The Nature and Levels of Adaptation -- Introduction: comparative, environmental and evolutionary physiology -- The meaning of 'environment' -- The meaning of 'adaptation' -- Comparative methods to detect adaptation -- Physiological response on different scales -- Fundamental Mechanisms of Adaptation -- Introduction: adaptation at the molecular and genome level -- Controlling protein action -- Control of protein synthesis and degradation -- Protein evolution -- Physiological regulation of gene expression -- The Problems of Size and Scale -- The principle of similarity: isometric scaling -- Allometric scaling -- The scaling of metabolic rate -- Scaling of locomotion -- Conclusions: is there a right size to be? -- Central Issues in Comparative Physiology -- Water, Ions and Osmotic Physiology -- Aqueous solutions -- Passive movements of water and solutes -- Non-passive solute movements -- Concentrations of cell contents -- Overall regulation of cell contents -- Animal Water Balance, Osmoregulation and Excretion -- Exchanges occurring at the outer body surface -- Osmoregulation at external surfaces -- Osmoregulatory organs and their excretory products -- Water regulation via the gut -- Regulation of respiratory water exchanges -- Water loss in reproductive systems -- Water gain -- The costs and energetics of regulating water and ion balance -- Roles of nervous systems and hormones -- Metabolism and Energy Supply -- Metabolic intermediaries -- Anaerobic metabolism -- Aerobic metabolism -- Metabolic rates -- Energy budgets.
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