What is property? / Pierre-Joseph Proudhon ; edited and translated by Donald R. Kelley and Bonnie G. Smith.

Author
Other titles
  • Qu'est-ce que la propriété? English
  • Proudhon
  • [Qu'est-ce que la propriete?. English]
Published
  • Cambridge : Cambridge University Press 1994
Physical description
1 online resource (xxxvii, 225 pages) : digital, PDF file(s).
ISBN
  • 9780511813726 (ebook)
  • 9780521405553 (hardback)
  • 9780521405560 (paperback)
Notes
  • Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 29 May 2018).
  • Includes bibliographical references (p. 218-221) and index.
  • Reproduction available: Electronic reproduction. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, ©2020. Available to read online. Description based on contents viewed 30 September 2020.
  • Translation of: Qu'est-ce que la propriété?
Contents
  • Preface -- 1. Method followed in this work : idea of a revolution -- 2. Property considered as a natural right -- Occupation and civil law as efficient causes of property -- 3. Labor as the efficient cause of the domain of property -- Land cannot be appropriated -- Universal consent does not justify property -- Prescription never gives title to property -- Labor : that labor by itself has no power to appropriate the things of nature -- The labor leads to equality of property -- That in society all wages are equal -- That the inequality of faculties is the necessary condition of equality of fortunes -- That, in terms of justice, labor destroys property -- 4. That property is impossible : property is physically and mathematically impossible -- Property is impossible because it demands something from nothing -- Property is impossible because wherever it exists, production costs more than it is worth -- Property is impossible because with a given capital production is proportional to labor, not to property -- Property is impossible because it is homicide -- Property is impossible because with it society devours itself -- Property is impossible because it is the mother of tyranny -- Property is impossible because in consuming what it receives it loses it, because in saving it nullifies it, and because in using it as capital it turns it against production -- Property is impossible because its power of accumulation is infinite, while it is exercised only over finite quantities -- Property is impossible because it is powerless against property -- Property is impossible because it is the negative of equality -- 5. Psychological exposition of the idea of the just and the unjust and determination of the principle of government and right -- Of the moral sense in man and in animals -- Of the first and second degrees of sociability -- Of the third degree of sociability -- Of the causes of errors : the origin of property -- Characteristics of communism and of property -- Determination of the third social form : conclusions.
Other names
Related item
  • Print version: : ; ISBN: 9780521405553
  • http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/description/cam025/93016214.html
  • http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/cam025/93016214.html
Genre
  • text
Language
  • English
  • French

Summary

  • This is a 1994 translation of one of the classics of the traditions of anarchism and socialism. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon was a contemporary of Marx and one of the most acute, influential and subversive critics of modern French and European society. His What is Property? (1840) produced the answer 'Property is theft'; the book itself has become a classic of political thought through its wide-ranging and deep-reaching critique of private property as at once the essential institution of Western culture and the root cause of greed, corruption, political tyranny, social division and violation of natural law. A critical and historical introduction situates Proudhon's 'diabolical work' (as he called it) in the context of nineteenth-century social and legal controversy and of the history of political thought in general.

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Bangor University Library: Main Library HB701 .P78 1994
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