Computing : a concise history

Author
In
  • MIT Press Ebooks Library
Other titles
  • Computing : a concise history
Published
  • Cambridge, Massachusetts : MIT Press c2012
Physical description
1 online resource (216 p.)
ISBN
  • 1-280-77775-3
  • 9786613688149
  • 0-262-31038-4
Notes
  • Bibliographic Level Mode of Issuance: Monograph
  • Includes bibliographical references and index.
  • Service provider: IEEE
  • Other format: Also available in print.
  • Reproduction available: Electronic resource. Piscataway : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013.
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • English
  • Do not share to NBK CAT
  • IEEE Xplore eBook
  • Description based on PDF viewed 12/23/2015.
Contents
  • The digital age -- The first computers, 1935-1945 -- The stored program principle -- The chip and Silicon Valley -- The microprocessor -- The Internet and the World Wide Web.
Other names
Related item
  • Other format: ; ISBN: 0-262-51767-1
  • http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/bkabstractplus.jsp?bkn=6267552
  • https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/bkabstractplus.jsp?bkn=6267552
Genre
  • Electronic books.
  • History.
  • text
Language
  • English

Summary

  • The history of computing could be told as the story of hardware and software, or the story of the Internet, or the story of "smart" hand-held devices, with subplots involving IBM, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and Twitter. In this concise and accessible account of the invention and development of digital technology, computer historian Paul Ceruzzi offers a broader and more useful perspective. He identifies four major threads that run throughout all of computing's technological development: digitization--the coding of information, computation, and control in binary form, ones and zeros; the convergence of multiple streams of techniques, devices, and machines, yielding more than the sum of their parts; the steady advance of electronic technology, as characterized famously by "Moore's Law"; and the human-machine interface. Ceruzzi guides us through computing history, telling how a Bell Labs mathematician coined the word "digital" in 1942 (to describe a high-speed method of calculating used in anti-aircraft devices), and recounting the development of the punch card (for use in the 1890 U.S. Census). He describes the ENIAC, built for scientific and military applications; the UNIVAC, the first general purpose computer; and ARPANET, the Internet's precursor. Ceruzzi's account traces the world-changing evolution of the computer from a room-size ensemble of machinery to a "minicomputer" to a desktop computer to a pocket-sized smart phone. He describes the development of the silicon chip, which could store ever-increasing amounts of data and enabled ever-decreasing device size. He visits that hotbed of innovation, Silicon Valley, and brings the story up to the present with the Internet, the World Wide Web, and social networking.

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