Flattening the earth : two thousand years of map projections / John P. Snyder

Other titles
  • Two thousand years of map projections
  • 2000 years of map projections
  • Map projections
Published
  • Chicago ; London : University of Chicago Press c1993
Physical description
xviii,365p : ill ; maps ; 24cm
ISBN
  • 0226767469
Notes
  • Includes bibliographical references (p. 313-347) and index
Contents
  • 1. Emergence of Map Projections: Classical Through Renaissance. The Classical and Medieval Legacy: Map Projections Developed before the Renaissance. The Equirectangular Projection. The Trapezoidal Projection. Ptolemy's Three Projections. Globular Projections. The Earliest Azimuthal Projections. New Projections of the Renaissance. New Conic Projections. Oval Projections. Globelike Projections. Mercator's Projection for Navigators. The Sinusoidal Projection -- 2. Map Projections in an Age of Mathematical Enlightenment, 1670-1799. Eighteenth-Century Use of Earlier Map Projections. The Equirectangular Projection. The Trapezoidal Projection. The Azimuthal Projections. The Mercator Projection. The Sinusoidal Projection. The "Bonne" Projection. The New Projections. Map Projections as an Emerging Mathematical Science. Perspective Projections with Low Error. Some Modified Globular Projections. The Improved Simple or Equidistant Conic Projection. Murdoch's and Euler's Approaches to the Equidistant Conic Projection. Colles's Perspective Conic Projection. Cassini and His Transverse Equidistant Cylindrical Projection. Lambert's Cornucopia of Important Projections -- 3. Map Projections of the Nineteenth Century. Nineteenth-Century Use of Earlier Projections. Cylindrical and Rectilinear Projections. Azimuthal Projections. Conic and Sinusoidal Projections. The Globular Projection. The New Projections of the Nineteenth Century. New Cylindrical Projections. New Pseudocylindrical Projections. New Conic Projections. New Azimuthal Projections. Modified Azimuthal Projections. Globular Modifications. Conformal Innovations. Star Projections. Conformal Projections without Singular Points. Polyhedric and Polyhedral Projections. Tissot's Optimal Projection. Fiorini's Projections. The Jervis Cycloidal Projection. Projections to Promote Commerce. General Treatises and Journals. The Tissot Indicatrix -- 4. Map Projections of the Twentieth Century. Twentieth-Century Use of Earlier Projections. Cylindrical Projections. Pseudocylindrical Projections: The Sinusoidal and Mollweide. Azimuthal Projections. Conic Projections. Other Earlier Projections. New Twentieth-Century Projections. Cylindrical Projections. New Pseudocylindrical Projections. New Azimuthal Projections. New Modified Azimuthal Projections. New Pseudoazimuthal Projections. Modifications of the Stereographic Projection. New Conic Projections. Pseudoconic Projections. Other Projections. General Works and Journals.
Genre
  • Bibliography
  • Illustrated
  • text
Language
  • English

Summary

  • As long as there have been maps, cartographers have grappled with the impossibility of portraying the earth in two dimensions. To solve this problem mapmakers have created hundreds of map projections - mathematical methods for drawing the round earth on a flat surface. Yet of the hundreds of existing projections, and the infinite number that are theoretically possible, none is perfectly accurate. Any projection inevitably distorts the geography it portrays. Flattening the Earth is the first detailed history of map projections since 1863. John P. Snyder discusses and illustrates the hundreds of known projections from before 500 B.C. to the present, emphasizing developments since the Renaissance - when the concept of a round earth gained acceptance - as mapmakers used increasingly sophisticated mathematical techniques to create ever more accurate projections. He closes with a look at the variety of projections, simple and complex, made possible today by the speed and power of computers. This book includes 170 illustrations, including outline maps from original sources and modern computerized reconstructions. The text is not mathematically based and is accessible to non-specialists, but a few equations are included to permit the more technical reader to plot some projections. Snyder also provides tables summarizing the features of nearly 200 different projections and listing those used in nineteenth- and twentieth-century atlases. As a survey of most known map projections, a discussion of cartographic technique, and a historical analysis of the development of map projections, this book will be an important resource for cartographers, geographers, and historians.

Summary holdings does not include live availability details. Select a library name for the full Holdings display.

Location of copy Shelfmark Online location Holdings Notes
University of Aberdeen Libraries: Sir Duncan Rice Library: Floor 5 Sc 526.8 Sny
University of the Arts, London: Camberwell College of Arts, Main collection 526.8 SNY
University of Birmingham Libraries: Research Reserve [RR], Available on request GA110
British Library: Lending Collection 93/22306
British Library: Map Collections, St Pancras Reading Rooms Maps 218.f.14.
University of Cambridge Libraries: University Library: Order in Map Room, follow signs to North Gallery - past the North Staircase, First Floor, not borrowable S696.c.99.65
University of Cambridge Libraries: Murray Edwards College (Rosemary Murray Library): Main Library 912 SNY
Coventry University: Floor 1 526.8
Cranfield University Libraries: First floor 528.9 SNY
University of Hull: BJL 4th Floor GA 110 S6
King's College London Library: Maughan Library ; [LGF Humanities Books Store] GA110 SNY Four week
LSE Library: Main collection books GA110 S67
University of Leeds Library: Edward Boyle Library, level 11 Geography C-0 SNY
University of Liverpool Library: Sydney Jones Library GA110.S67 17
University of Liverpool Library: Harold Cohen Library, 1st Floor, Silent Study Room (Book Zone 4) GA110.S67 9
University of Liverpool Library: Harold Cohen Library, 1st Floor, Silent Study Room (Book Zone 4) GA110.S67 11
The London Library: Science & Miscellaneous S. Maps
University of Manchester Library: Main Library: Blue Area Floor 2 526.8
National Library of Scotland: General Reading Room, Edinburgh (stored offsite) SP2.202.0572
National Library of Scotland: General Reading Room, Edinburgh (stored offsite) HB2.217.6.29
National Library of Wales / Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru: Contact the National Library of Wales / Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru PRINT 2001MB17845
National Library of Wales / Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru: Contact the National Library of Wales / Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru PRINT 94MB25379
Newcastle University Libraries: Philip Robinson Library: Robinson Books Level 3 526.8 SNY
University of Nottingham Libraries: Hallward Library
University of Oxford Libraries: Bodleian Library: Weston Gallery Open Shelves G21.B1.22
University of Oxford Libraries: Bodleian Library M01.E15614
University of Oxford Libraries: Social Science Library GA110 SNY 1993
University of Portsmouth: University Library, First Floor 526.8 Standard
University of Reading Library: University Library: 3rd Floor 526.8-SNY
Science Museum Library: Science Museum Library, Wroughton 528.9:93 SNYDER
Senate House Library, University of London: Senate House Library GEOGRAPHY 6th Floor (53) DQM Sny
University of Southampton Library: National Oceanographic Library B OCEAN(A & M-Navig) Sny
Swansea University Libraries: Singleton Park Library : Main GA110 >SNY
Trinity College Dublin Library: Ussher Library MAP LIBRARY / Box No.57
Trinity College Dublin Library: Ussher Library PL-387-794
UCL Library Services: UCL Science Library GEOGRAPHY D 42 SNY
UCL Library Services: UCL Science Library ENGINEERING D 50 LYN
University of Warwick Library: External Store GA 110.S6

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